Exploring the Phytochemical Diversity and Pharmacological Potentials of Balanite Aegyptiaca: A Review


  • Dey H. Lloyd Institute of Management and Technology, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh-201306
  • Shaili S. School of Pharmaceutical Education & Research, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi-110062




Balanite aegyptiaca, commonly called the desert date or soapberry tree, thrives in arid regions across Africa and the Middle East, showcasing its adaptability to challenging environments. This versatile plant is deciduous, featuring leathery leaves, small greenish-yellow flowers, and fleshy, date-like fruits. Beyond its botanical allure, Balanite aegyptiaca holds significant medicinal value, with various plant parts exhibiting antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties. On a socioeconomic scale, this tree plays a crucial role, offering sustenance during scarcity through its edible fruits, contributing durable wood for furniture and implements, and aiding in soil conservation through its extensive root system. The economic potential extends further, as commercial cultivation for fruit production and seed oil extraction presents promising opportunities. A comprehensive understanding of Balanite aegyptiaca supports conservation initiatives and advocates for its sustainable utilization across diverse fields, underlining its importance in both natural ecosystems and human communities.


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Balanite aegyptiaca, soapberry tree, Desert date plant, phytochemical screening




How to Cite

H., D., & S., S. (2023). Exploring the Phytochemical Diversity and Pharmacological Potentials of Balanite Aegyptiaca: A Review. International Journal of Newgen Research in Pharmacy & Healthcare, 1(2), 53–63. https://doi.org/10.61554/ijnrph.v1i2.2023.34





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